Convension de Zinevra

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Infobox de AvegnimentoConvension de Zinevra
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Tipotratà internasionałe Cànbia el vałor in Wikidata
Fazesto daconvenzione di Ginevra del 1864 (it) Traduzi, seconda Convenzione di Ginevra (it) Traduzi, Geneva Convention (en) Traduzi, Quarta Convenzione di Ginevra (it) Traduzi, Protocol I (en) Traduzi, Protocol II (en) Traduzi e Protocol III (en) Traduzi Cànbia el vałor in Wikidata


Le Convension de Zinevra łe ze un'intento de stàndarizare el derito internasionałe umanitàrio. Łe ze el rezultà dei sforsi del svìsaro Jean Henri Dunant, creator de ła Croze Rosa.

Ste convension łe ciapa forma inte na serie de tratai internasionałi firmai a Zinevra, in Svìsara, intrà el 1864 e el 1949, col fin de sbasar al mìnemo łe consevense de ła guera su soldai e siviłi. Inte el 1977 i ze vegnesti aprovai do protocołi zontivi a ła Convension del 1949[1] e un terso inte el 2005.

Le convension del 1949 łe ze stae firmae inte ła so totałità o co reserve da 196 paezi[2] el primo protocoło da 150 e el secondo protocoło da 145.[3]

Descrision[canbia | canbia el còdaxe]

Le Convension de Zinevra łe ze stae łe sevinti:

  1. La Prima Convension de Zinevra del 1864, che include ła Convension de Zinevra par el mejoramento del destin dei ferii inte i ezèrsiti de ła canpagna del 1864.[4]
  2. La Seconda Convension de Zinevra del 1906[5], che include ła Convension de Zinevra par el mejoramento de łe condision dei ferii inte i ezèrsiti de ła canpagna del 1906.[6]
  3. La Tersa Convension de Zinevra del 1929, che conprende ła Convension de Zinevra par mejorare ła sorte dei ferii e dei małai in canpagna armada e ła Convension de Zinevra rełativa al tratamento dei prezonieri de guera del 27 de lujo del 1929.[7]
  4. La Cuarta Convension de Zinevra del 1949, che ła tołe drento 4 convension aprovae da ła Conferensa diplomàtega par l'ełaborasion de convension internasionałi de protesion dei morti de guera inte el 12 de agosto 1949. Ła ze entrada in vigore el 21 de otobre del 1950.[8]
  • I sora-dizesti acordi łe ze i sevinti:
  1. I Convension de Zinevra par lezerir ła sorte dei ferii e dei małai de łe forse armae in canpagna;[9]
  2. II Convension de Zinevra par lezerir ła sorte dei ferii, dei małai e dei nàufraghi de łe forse armae in mar;[10]
  3. III Convension de Zinevra sol justo tratamento dei prezogneri de guera;[11]
  4. IV Convension de Zinevra rełativa a ła protesion de łe persone siviłi in tenpo de guera.[12]
  • Ghe ze tre protocołi zontivi includeste inte ła Cuarta Convension:
  1. Protocoło zontivo a łe Convension de Zinevra so łe vìtime dei confliti armai internasionałi (Protocoło I), del 8 de zugno del 1977.[13]
  2. Protocoło zontivo a łe Convension de Zinevra so łe vìtime dei confliti armai no internasionałi (Protocoło II), del 8 de zugno del 1977.[14]
  3. Protocoło zontivo a łe Convension de Zinevra rełative a l'adotamento de un segno distintivo adisionałe, l'8 de disenbre del 2005.[15]

Notasion[canbia | canbia el còdaxe]

  1. Treaties, States parties, and Commentaries - Additional Protocol (I) to the Geneva Conventions, 1977 - 43 - Armed forcesihl-databases.icrc.org.
  2. International Committee of the Red Cross (curà da), State Parties / Signatories: Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, in International Humanitarian Law.
  3. Comitè Internacional de la Creu Roja (curà da), Estats signataris de la Convenció de Ginebra del 12 agost 1949, Comitè Internacional de la Creu Roja. entrada il 3 març 2014.
  4. ICRC, Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded in Armies in the Field. Geneva, 22 August 1864ihl-databases.icrc.org.
  5. ICRC, Convention (II) for the Amelioration of the Condition of Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked Members of Armed Forces at Sea. Geneva, 12 August 1949ihl-databases.icrc.org.
    «The undersigned Plenipotentiaries of the Governments represented at the Diplomatic Conference held at Geneva from April 21 to August 12, 1949, for the purpose of revising the Xth Hague Convention of October 18, 1907 for the Adaptation to Maritime Warfare of the Principles of the Geneva Convention of 1906 [...]».
  6. ICRC, Convention (II) for the Amelioration of the Condition of Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked Members of Armed Forces at Sea. Geneva, 12 August 1949ihl-databases.icrc.org.
  7. ICRC, Convention relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War. Geneva, 27 July 1929ihl-databases.icrc.org.
  8. ICRC, Convention (IV) relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War. Geneva, 12 August 1949ihl-databases.icrc.org.
  9. ICRC, Convention (I) for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field. Geneva, 12 August 1949ihl-databases.icrc.org.
    «The undersigned Plenipotentiaries of the Governments represented at the Diplomatic Conference held at Geneva from April 21 to August 12, 1949, for the purpose of revising the Geneva Convention for the Relief of the Wounded and Sick in Armies in the Field of July 27, 1929 [...]».
  10. Dietrich Fleck, The Handbook of International Humanitarian Law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2013.
  11. ICRC, Convention (III) relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War. Geneva, 12 August 1949ihl-databases.icrc.org.
    «The undersigned Plenipotentiaries of the Governments represented at the Diplomatic Conference held at Geneva from April 21 to August 12, 1949, for the purpose of revising the Convention concluded at Geneva on July 27, 1929, relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War [...]».
  12. ICRC, Convention (IV) relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War. Geneva, 12 August 1949ihl-databases.icrc.org.
    «In the relations between the Powers who are bound by the Hague Conventions respecting the Laws and Customs of War on Land, whether that of July 29, 1899, or that of October 18, 1907, and who are parties to the present Convention, this last Convention shall be supplementary to Sections II and III of the Regulations annexed to the above-mentioned Conventions of The Hague.».
  13. treaties.un.org: "Protocol additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the protection of victims of international armed conflicts (Protocol I)"
  14. treaties.un.org: "Protocol additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the protection of victims of non-international armed conflicts (Protocol II)", consulted July 2014
  15. "Protocol additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the adoption of an additional distinctive emblem (Protocol III)", consulted July 2014

Altri projeti[canbia | canbia el còdaxe]

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Controło de autoritàGND (DE4156628-2 · NDL (ENJA00570620


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