Aprilia (axienda)

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Aprilia is an Italian motorcycle manufacturer founded immediately after World War II in Noale, Italy, by Alberto Beggio.[1] The company started as a manufacturer of bicycles and moved on to manufacture scooters and small-capacity motorcycles.[1] In more recent times Aprilia has produced large sportbikes such as the 1,000 cc V-twin RSV Mille and the V4 RSV4.

Aprilia has supported a strong motorsport competition program beginning with motocross racing and then a world championship-winning road racing program.[1][2] The company was acquired by Piaggio in 2004.[3]

Aprilia plant, Scorzè, Venice

History[canbia | canbia el còdaxe]

Aprilia was founded after the Second World War by Cavaliere Alberto Beggio as a bicycle production factory at Noale, Italy, in the province of Venice. Alberto’s son, Ivano Beggio, took over the helm of the company in 1968 and constructed a 50 cc "motorcycle".[4] The first production Aprilia mopeds were named Colibrì, Daniela and Packi. Aprilia later produced a motocross bike in 1970 called the Scarabeo. Produced until the end of the 1970s, the Scarabeo came in 50 and 125 cc versions.

In 1977 Ivan Alborghetti from Milan, Italy won the Italian 125 and 250 cc motocross championships on Aprilias. In 1978 Alborghetti closed the season with two third places in individual races and sixth place in the World Championship. In the 1980s Aprilia added enduro, trials and road bikes of between 50 and 600 cc. In 1981 Aprilia introduced the TL320 trials machine. In 1983 Aprilia launched the St 125 road bike. In 1984 Aprilia launched an improved model called STX, and an enduro, called the ET 50.

In 1985, Aprilia started outsourcing engines for some models to the Austrian company Rotax. In 1985 Aprilia launched a 125 STX and 350 STX. In 1986 Aprilia launched the AF1; a small sports model, and the Tuareg; a large tanked bike for African rallies like the Dakar Rally. Aprilia factory rider Philippe Berlatier contended for the trials world championship reaching fifth place, and Loris Reggiani rode an Aprilia GP 250 with Rotax engine to sixth place in the road racing World Championship. Two seasons later, on August 30, 1987, at San Marino Grand Prix in Misano Loris Reggiani's AF1 won the first World Speed Championship.

In 1990 Aprilia launched the Pegaso 600, a road bike derived from off-road mechanics. Later, in 1992 Aprilia rider Alessandro Gramigni won the World 125 Road Racing Championship title. Also in 1992, Tommy Ahvala won the World Trials Championship on an Aprilia Climber. Since then, Aprilia has 124 times won 125 and 250 cc class Grand Prix, 15 Road Racing World Championship titles, and 16 European speed titles. Many world champions started on Aprilia such as Biaggi, Capirossi, Gramigni, Locatelli, Sakata and Rossi.

Also in the 1990s, Aprilia entered the scooter market starting in 1990 with Italy’s first all-plastic scooter, the Amico. In 1992, Aprilia introduced the Amico LK and the two stroke Pegaso 125, both with catalytic converters. In 1993 Aprilia launched a large diameter wheel scooter reusing the name Scarabeo with a four-stroke, four-valve engine. Later Aprilia launched more scooters such as the Leonardo, the SR and the Gulliver.

In 1995, Aprilia commissioned Philippe Starck to design the Motò which was shown in New York’s Modern Art Museum. Also in 1995 Aprilia launched the two stroke RS 125 and RS 250 sports bikes. In 1998 Aprilia launched the RSV Mille, a 1000cc V-Twin Superbike, and the Falco, a 1000cc V-Twin sport tourer with emphasis on sport. Both bikes used a variation of a Rotax 1000cc engine.

In 1999 Aprilia entered World Superbike Championship racing with its RSV Mille, and during 2000, Aprilia acquired Moto-Guzzi and Laverda, both historic heritage Italian marques. In 2000 Aprilia launched the 50 cc DiTech (Direct Injection Technology) two stroke engine for scooters which provides high mileage and low emissions, and also the RST Futura, a sport tourer, and the ETV 1000 Caponord; an adventure touring motorcycle. Both of these latter two motorcycles used a variation of the Rotax 1000 cc V-Twin.

Most recently, in 2003, Aprilia launched the RSV Mille Tuono which was essentially an RSV Mille with motocross-style high handlebars and only a small headlight fairing. Most of the major motorcycle magazines picked it for the best bike of the year. In 2004 Aprilia was acquired by Piaggio & C. SpA, to form the world’s fourth largest motorcycle group with 1.5 billion Euro in sales, an annual production capacity of over 600,000 vehicles, and a presence in 50 countries.

With the acquisition by Piaggio, the new President of Aprilia is Roberto Colaninno (President of Piaggio & C.), and the Managing Director is Rocco Sabelli. The son of the founder, Ivano Beggio, was the Honorary President and died on 13 March 2018.[5] On 15 August 2010, Aprilia became the most successful motorcycle racing brand in history, surpassing fellow Italian MV Agusta with a record 276th victory.[6]

Grand Prix World Championship[canbia | canbia el còdaxe]

Despite being a relatively small company by global motorcycling standards, Aprilia is very active in motorcycle sports. It contested many Road Racing formulae, including the now-defunct 125 cc, 250 cc and 500 cc Grand Prix classes of the FIM World Championship. From 2002 to 2004 they participated in the FIM MotoGP World Championship, and from 1999 to 2002 they participated in the FIM Superbike World Championship. Aprilia has returned to World Superbike since the 2009 season and in MotoGP since the 2012 season.

Aprilia also feature in the off-road racing world, with their 450 cc V-2 motocrosser producing respectable results (including race wins) in both off-road (Motocross) and on-road (Supermoto) categories.

Aprilia made their international racing debut in the Motocross World Championship competing in the 125cc class from 1976 until 1981 with a best result being a fifth place in the 1979 season with rider Corrado Maddi.[7] The firm then focused on the Grand Prix road racing world championships in 1985 and since then it has seen varying successes. Aprilia won their first world championship race at the 1991 Czechoslovak motorcycle Grand Prix with rider Alessandro Gramigni winning the 125cc race.[8] In Modeło:MGP they won their first road racing world championship with Gramigni winning the 125cc class.[8] They continued to be successful in the smaller displacement categories, winning numerous races and championships in the 125 cc and 250 cc Grand Prix classes.

However, their 500 cc Grand Prix bikes failed to attain the same success. They began campaigning in the 500cc class in 1994 with a 250 V twin motor enlarged to 380cc in hopes of using its lighter weight and nimble handling as an advantage against the heavier, V4 engine bikes used by the competition.[8] The bike eventually displaced 430cc and had its best result with a third place by rider Doriano Romboni at the 1997 Dutch TT but, could never overcome power disadvantage during the starting line sprint and was withdrawn at the end of the Modeło:MGP season for further development.[8] Their first MotoGP effort, dubbed the RS Cube, was technically advanced but difficult to ride and performed poorly in the championship. The Cube did, however, pioneer many advanced technologies including ride by wire throttle and pneumatic valve actuation systems. Aprilia left the MotoGP class at the end of Modeło:MGP and then left the lower classes when two-stroke engines were banned. Aprilia set the record for the most points earned by a manufacturer in a single season from the 125cc class with 410 points in Modeło:MGP. It was also the highest points earned by a constructor in Grand Prix motorcycle racing's history until Modeło:MGP when 420 points were won by the same bikes winning 16 out of 17 races.

The company is also notable for choosing somewhat atypical engine configurations. For example, they progressed with development of a V-2 500 cc Grand Prix bike when other teams were moving to V-4 configurations for what some believed was better and more usable power outputs. Aprilia continued this trend, taking advantage of lighter minimum weights with the introduction of their RS Cube MotoGP bike – featuring three cylinders in an inline triple layout, the bike had the fewest cylinders on the Grand Prix paddock.

Aprilia rejoined the MotoGP class in Modeło:MGP, taking advantage of the newly introduced Claiming Rule Team category that encouraged independent teams with lower budgets to use bikes from manufacturers not officially involved in MotoGP. Aprilia supplied RSV4 SBK-derived bikes under the ART (Aprilia Racing Technology) name to Aspar Team, Paul Bird Motorsport and Speed Master teams. In both the Modeło:MGP and Modeło:MGP seasons Aprilia's ART machinery stood out as the best CRT bikes.

In Modeło:MGP, Aprilia partnered with Gresini Racing as a factory-supported independent team. The team competed as the Aprilia Racing Team Gresini with an all-new 1000cc V4-engined RS-GP.

In Modeło:MGP, Aprilia entered the series as an official factory team for the first time since 2004.[9] Their previously supported Gresini Racing team returned to a fully-independent team using Ducati bikes. Aprilia's factory team is named Aprilia Racing.

Riders championships[canbia | canbia el còdaxe]

Year Class Champion Motorcycle
Modeło:MGP 125cc Itàlia Alessandro Gramigni Aprilia RS125R
Modeło:MGP 125cc Giappone Kazuto Sakata Aprilia RS125R
250cc Itàlia Max Biaggi Aprilia RSW 250
Modeło:MGP 250cc Itàlia Max Biaggi Aprilia RSW 250
Modeło:MGP 250cc Itàlia Max Biaggi Aprilia RSW 250
Modeło:MGP 125cc Itàlia Valentino Rossi Aprilia RS125R
Modeło:MGP 125cc Giappone Kazuto Sakata Aprilia RS125R
250cc Itàlia Loris Capirossi Aprilia RSW 250
Modeło:MGP 250cc Itàlia Valentino Rossi Aprilia RSW 250
Modeło:MGP 125cc Itàlia Roberto Locatelli Aprilia RS125R
Modeło:MGP 125cc Fransa Arnaud Vincent Aprilia RS125R
250cc Itàlia Marco Melandri Aprilia RSW 250
Modeło:MGP 250cc San Marino Manuel Poggiali Aprilia RSW 250
Modeło:MGP 125cc Spagna Álvaro Bautista Aprilia RS125R
250cc Spagna Jorge Lorenzo Aprilia RSW 250
Modeło:MGP 125cc Ungheria Gábor Talmácsi Aprilia RSA 125
250cc Spagna Jorge Lorenzo Aprilia RSW 250
Modeło:MGP 125cc Spagna Julián Simón Aprilia RSA 125
Modeło:MGP 125cc Spagna Nicolás Terol Aprilia RSA 125

Manufacturers championships[canbia | canbia el còdaxe]

  • 250 cc class
    • 1995, 1998, 1999, 2002, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009
  • 125 cc class
    • 1996, 1997, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011

Results[canbia | canbia el còdaxe]

MotoGP results[canbia | canbia el còdaxe]

By rider[canbia | canbia el còdaxe]

Year Class Team name Bike Riders Races Wins Podiums Poles F. laps Points Pos.
2022 MotoGP Aprilia Racing Aprilia RS-GP Spagna Maverick Vinales 20 0 3 0 0 122 11th
Spagna Aleix Espargaro 20 1 6 2 2 212 4th
2023 MotoGP Aprilia Racing Aprilia RS-GP Spagna Maverick Viñales 0 0 0 0 0 0 NC
Spagna Aleix Espargaró 0 0 0 0 0 0 NC

By season[canbia | canbia el còdaxe]

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position; races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Motorcycle Tyres Riders 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Points RC Points TC Points MC
Spagna Aleix Espargaró 4 9 1 11 3 3 3 3 5 4 4 9 6 6 3 16 11 9 10 Ret 212 4th
Spagna Maverick Viñales 12 16 7 10 10 14 10 12 7 Ret 3 2 13 3 13 7 7 17 16 Ret 122 11th
Itàlia Lorenzo Savadori Ret 21 22 20 19 0 NC
Spagna Aleix Espargaró 0 NC*
Spagna Maverick Viñales 0 NC*

Racing history[canbia | canbia el còdaxe]

Superbike World Championship (SBK)[canbia | canbia el còdaxe]

Aprilia RSV4 Factory race bike

Aprilia entered the Superbike World Championship in 1999 using a homologation special version of their V-twin road bike RSV Mille. They were third in the riders' championship in 2000 with rider Troy Corser, and third in manufacturers' points and fourth in rider points both in 2001 with Corser and in 2002 with Noriyuki Haga. Aprilia retired from the series at the end of that season.

In February 2008, Aprilia debuted a V-4 superbike, the RSV4, for the 2009 Superbike World Championship.[10]

Max Biaggi rides the RSV4

Aprilia won its first Superbike world championship in 2010 with Max Biaggi, claiming both the riders and the manufacturers titles.

Riders' championships[canbia | canbia el còdaxe]

Year Champion Motorcycle
Modeło:SBK ItàliaMax Biaggi Aprilia RSV4 1000
Modeło:SBK ItàliaMax Biaggi Aprilia RSV4 Factory
Modeło:SBK FransaSylvain Guintoli Aprilia RSV4 Factory

Manufacturers' championships[canbia | canbia el còdaxe]

SuperMoto World Championship[canbia | canbia el còdaxe]

Thierry Van Den Bosch riding the SXV 450 in 2006

Aprilia debuted in the FIM Supermoto World Championship in 2004 and since then it has won many titles in both S1 and S2 classes.

Riders' championships[canbia | canbia el còdaxe]

Year Class Champion Motorcycle
2004 S2 Fransa Jerome Giraudo Aprilia SXV 450
2006 S2 Fransa Thierry Van Den Bosch Aprilia SXV 450
2011 S1 Fransa Adrien Chareyre Aprilia MXV-S 450

Manufacturers' championship[canbia | canbia el còdaxe]

  • S2 class: 2006, 2007
  • S1 class: 2008, 2011

Models[canbia | canbia el còdaxe]


Racing motorcycles

Aprilia models are:


See also[canbia | canbia el còdaxe]

Notes[canbia | canbia el còdaxe]

References[canbia | canbia el còdaxe]

External links[canbia | canbia el còdaxe]

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